Greater Perth is home to 1.9 million people, making it the fourth largest city in Australia. It is nestled on the Swan Coastal Plain, between the Indian Ocean and Swan River. It is also the most beautiful city in Australia and probably gets more visitors than all the other cities. Below is an overview of how the city came to be.
1. Starting from 40,000 years, archaeological evidence show that Perth has been occupied by Whadjuk Noongar people
2. 1827 - The city of Perth today sits on Boorloo, which is part of Mooro, the tribal lands of the Yellagonga Aborigines.
3. 10 January 1697 - The first documented European to sight the place was Dutch Captain Willem de Vlamingh who would later surmise that the place was inhospitable to human habitation as it was considered unsuitable for agriculture.
4. On 4 June 1829 - This date saw the beginnings of the city of Perth. Captain James Stirling, aboard a ship called Parmelia would say this about Perth "as beautiful as anything of this kind I had ever witnessed". Helen Dance, wife of the captain of the second ship, Sulphur, cut down a tree as a symbol of starting a town there.
5. 1829 - The city of Perth was named by Sir George Murray after his town of birth, Perth, Scotland.
6. 1850 - Western Australia was opened for the convicts at the request of farmers and merchants looking for cheap labor.
7. 1856 - Perth was given a city status by Queen Victoria.
8. 1933 - Western Australia voted in a referendum to leave the Australian Federation. They would later abandon this position and vote in another referendum to be out of federation. Their request was however ignored by United Kingdom.
9. 1960s to today - Perth serves as the service center for the Western Australia's resource rich industrial base.
Visiting Perth's white sandy beaches is one of the most awe inspiring experiences you can have in the city. Despite being a penal colony at its beginnings, the city is today one of the most secure modern cities in the world. It usually ranks among the top most livable cities in the world. Make sure you visit the city during your Western Australia tour.